Diabetic Eye Diseases

image of the back of an eye

Diabetes is a condition that involves high blood sugar (glucose) levels. This can affect many parts of the body, including the eyes. One of the most common diabetic eye diseases is diabetic retinopathy, which is also a leading cause of blindness in American adults.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy includes several conditions that affect the light-sensitive layer of tissue on the back of the eye, known as the retina. This tissue is responsible for capturing light and passing on images to the brain.

There are two main types of diabetic retinopathy:

  • Nonproliferative retinopathy. This is the most common type. In this condition, the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) at the back of the eye swell and form pouches. As this condition gets worse, it can starve the retina of its blood supply.
  • Proliferative retinopathy. When the retina doesn’t get enough blood, new blood vessels grow. These tend to be weak and can leak blood, which can cause vision loss or blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy can also cause vision loss when fluid leaks into the macula, the part of the retina that is responsible for the sharp, central vision. The leakage of fluid can lead to swelling of the macula (macula edema) and blurred central vision.

Glaucoma

Diabetics have a higher risk of developing glaucoma than people without diabetes. This risk increases with age and the length of time that you’ve had diabetes.

Glaucoma causes pressure to build up inside the eye, often because the fluid in the eye drains more slowly. The increased pressure can squeeze the tiny blood vessels that feed the optic nerve and retina. Over time, this can damage these structures and lead to loss of vision.

Cataracts

Cataracts are another condition that affects diabetics more often than non-diabetics. In this condition, the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, which prevents some of the light from reaching the retina.

In its early stages, treatment for cataracts may involve the use of prescription lenses. As cataracts advance, however, surgery may become necessary to remove the cataractous lens, replace it with an intraocular lens implant (IOL) and restore vision.

If you suffer from diabetes, it is particularly important to keep all your yearly eye exams, so your eye doctor can monitor the health of your eyes. If you notice changes in your vision, contact us immediately, so we can help diagnose and treat any eye conditions you may have.

Locations

Find us on the map

Hours of Operation

Our Regular Schedule

Taylorville Office

Monday:

8:00am-5:00pm

Tuesday:

8:00am-5:00pm

Wednesday:

8:00am-5:00pm

Thursday:

8:00am-5:00pm

Friday:

8:00am-5:00pm

Saturday:

8:00am-12:00pm

Sunday:

Closed

Virden Office

Monday:

8:30am-5:00pm

Tuesday:

8:30am-5:00pm

Wednesday:

8:30am-5:00pm

Thursday:

8:30am-5:00pm

Friday:

8:30am-5:00pm

Saturday:

8:00am-12:00pm

Sunday:

Closed

Carlinville Office

Monday:

8:00am-5:00pm

Tuesday:

8:00am-5:00pm

Wednesday:

8:00am-5:00pm

Thursday:

8:00am-5:00pm

Friday:

8:00am-5:00pm

Saturday:

8:00am-12:00pm

Sunday:

Closed

Lincoln Office

Monday:

9:00am-5:00pm

Tuesday:

9:00am-5:00pm

Wednesday:

9:00am-5:00pm

Thursday:

10:00am-7:00pm

Friday:

9:00am-5:00pm

Saturday:

Closed

Sunday:

Closed

Testimonials

Reviews From Our Satisfied Patients

  • "Thank you guys so much! My 5 year old son had his first ever eye appointment and because of how patient and caring the staff was my son really behaved well and everyone was nice. Turns out he is getting glasses. I'm very pleased and will continue to take my son here!! Thank you again so very much"
    Bridgett Vittitow-Presnell
  • "Very nice staff and doctor. Took their time with my son’s exam and explained things thoroughly."
    Kristina Lynn Joslin